Syllabus F. The Impact Of Changes In Accounting Regulations F1. Discussion Of Solutions To Current Issues In FR

F1a. First Time Adoption Of A Body Of Standards 1 / 12

Syllabus F1a)

Discuss and apply the accounting implications of the first time adoption of new accounting standards.

Here we look at 1st time adoption of IFRS

An entity’s first IFRS financial statements must:

  • be transparent for users and comparable over all periods presented

  • provide a suitable starting point for IFRS accounting

  • be generated at a cost that does not exceed the benefits

An opening IFRS based SFP (using the same accounting policies as the future IFRS based FS) is needed at the date of moving to IFRSs. This is the suitable starting point.

The opening IFRS based SFP shall...

  1. recognise all assets and liabilities (where IFRSs say they should be recognised)

  2. not recognise assets or liabilities (where IFRSs say they should not be recognised)

  3. Reclassify items (that IFRS say needs reclassification)

  4. apply IFRSs in measuring all recognised assets and liabilities

Limited exemptions

Where the cost of complying is likely to exceed the benefits to users of financial statements.

Retrospective Application
This is applying IFRS to previous periods - this is restricted if it means management judgements (about past conditions) are needed when the actual outcome is now in fact known.

Needed to explain how the transition from previous GAAP to IFRSs affected the entity’s reported financial position, financial performance and cash flows