Exchange and over the counter (OTC) markets
Secondary markets can be organised as exchanges or (OTC) markets
Exchanges - where buyers and sellers of securities buy and sell securities in one location
Examples of exchanges include:
the london Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange for the trading of shares
the Chicago Board of Trade for the trading of commodities
the London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange (LIFFE) for the trading of derivatives.
Over the counter (OTC) markets
- where buyers and sellers transact with each other not through an exchange but by individual negotiation.
The prices at which securities are bought over the counter may be the same as the corresponding transactions in an exchange, because the buyers and sellers agree the most competitive price based on constant contact through computers with other market participants.
Securities that are issued in an over the counter market can be negotiable or non-negotiable.
Negotiable securities can be resold.
Non-negotiable securities cannot be resold.