Interest Rate - Forwards & Futures
This locks the company into one rate (no adverse or favourable movement) for a future loan
If actual borrowing rate is higher than the forward rate then the bank pays the company the difference and vice versa
They are usually only available on loans of at least £500,000
Get loan as normal
Get forward rate agreement
Difference between 2 rates is paid/received from the bank
Company gets 6% 600,000 FRA
Actual rate was 10%
|FRA receipt from bank (10%-6%) x 600k||24,000|
|Payment made (10% x 600,000)||(60,000)|
Standard contract for set interest rate at a set date
It is a market traded forward rate basically
Calculations of how these work are NOT required in the F9 exam. (ONLY REQUIRED IN THE P4 EXAM)
As interest rates rise - bond prices fall
Let’s say you are expecting interest rates to rise.
You would sell a bond futures contract, and when the interest rate rises, the value of the bond futures contract will fall.
You would then buy the return of the contract at a normal price, making a profit.
As interest rates fall - bond prices increase
Let’s say you are expecting interest rates to decline in the near future.
You would buy a futures contract for bonds.
When interest rates fall, the price of bonds increase, and so does the bonds futures contract.
You then sell the bond futures contract at a higher price.