AAF8
Syllabus A. Audit Framework And Regulation A1. Concept of Audit & Assurance Engagements

A1g. Levels of Assurance 7 / 8

Syllabus A1g)

Explain the level of assurance provided by an external audit and other review engagements and the concept of true and fair presentation.

Reasonable Assurance is where there is sufficient evidence that the subject matter agrees to certain criteria.

It is a high level of assurance

It is Positive Assurance (This means that in their opinion the subject has been prepared in accordance with the criteria required)

An example is the external audit

Limited Assurance is where there's sufficient evidence that the subject matter is plausible in the circumstances

It is a moderate level of assurance

It is a Negative Assurance (This means that in their opinion there is nothing to suggest that the subject has not been prepared in line with the relevant criteria)

An example is a review engagement

Here, the auditor reviews the financial statements using less evidence than required by an audit

It is not an audit.

The report will not be to the shareholders but to the body that commissioned the review e.g. Bank, Directors.

Remember!

  • A Review Engagement gives Negative Assurance

  • An Audit Report gives Positive Assurance

Absolute assurance will never be provided by an assurance engagement whether audit or review